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“And I am finally done with my school life” was the first statement I uttered after coming out of the examination hall on the final exam day of my 12th boards. The immediate response from my parents were - “What next? Have you decided on your career choice? Now is the real world. Be prepared!”
And this was the question of life - Ask any student of Class 12 about their future goals, and one is most likely to get an utterly confusing answer. It’s not because they are less ambitious or that they have not planned about their future; but it is because they do not know the right steps or educational qualifications they need to pursue to achieve their dreams or goals.

Most students believe that the Class 12 board results are the wind beneath their wings! They are, but only if the students know how to take advantage of the several directions and paths that are open to - then only can they fly wherever they want to!

Since a student has a plethora of diploma, certificate, and degree courses to choose from; it can be confusing, overwhelming and limitless. The best advice in such cases is to go and pursue the course that interests and inspires one the most to achieve their best.
Coming to the choices leaves us with the very basic and conventional undergraduate streams (BA, BSc and BCom), Engineering, Medicine, Management, Law, etc. which are definitely in good demand; but now-a-days one can also choose other courses, depending upon their wish and whims.

Let us have a look at some of the most popular choices with students who passed their 10+2 exams:-

1) For Science Students with PCM -

Also called Bachelor of Science is a three-year programme.

One can choose to do a Pass or Honours course. There are several career opportunities for students as scientists, researchers, and academicians.

A) B.Tech: Bachelor of Technology is a popular course for PCM students. One has the choice of becoming an engineer in different fields such as computer software engineer, electronics and communication, automobile engineer, aerospace engineer, mechanical engineering, civil engineering, and many more.

B) BCA: Bachelor of Computer Application means one can study computer science as a four-year programme. As a career option, it is perfect for candidates looking to establish careers in the world of digital and data. After completion of which one can get professional qualifications in the field of Data Science, Machine Learning, and Big Data. Other options that they can choose are web development, graphic designing, and website administration.

Both B.Tech and BCA students today have the opportunity to explore the world of Data Science. Students can use the knowledge of computer languages, programming and mathematics, to help manage data and unearth the trends that the data hides.

C) B.Arch: A Bachelor’s degree in Architecture is a five-year graduation course which gives knowledge of the science behind building construction.

All candidates also need to pass NATA (National Aptitude Test in Architecture) to get admission in the recognized colleges.

2) For Science Students with PCB -

A) MBBS: Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery is the most popular education option for students studying PCB. The five-and-a-half-year course offers students for the rigorous demand of a doctor surgeon. The specializations one can choose from it are endless and is considered as one of the most rewarding opportunities. Many doctors shift from the field to focus on research and create path-breaking treatment options. 

You can pursue MBBS from any medical colleges approved by MCI (Medical Council of India).   

B) BDS: Students will have to undergo a five-year bachelor’s in dental surgery course to become a dentist. It is the first choice of many students who want to become doctor minus the pressure of a surgeon or Doctor of Medicine. Students who complete the course can also choose to become dental surgeons.

One will be a certified doctor after the courses and have the choice to start their own practice or join any hospital.

C) B.Pharma: A Bachelors in Pharmacy is another lucrative course for PCB students. It’s again a four-year course, and one can start practicing as a chemist after completion.

Candidates with a B.Pharma degree are preferred for Medical companies as Medical Representative (MR) with a good salary package and other perks. One can also join research labs across the world looking to create breakthrough treatment for many diseases and infections.

D) B.Sc-Nursing: It’s a four-year course and is approved by the Indian Nursing Council. One can get admission into the B.Sc-Nursing course by cracking any of the entrance examinations conducted by various states for their respective colleges.

E) Paramedics: There are several other Paramedical courses as well that students can pursue after 10+2. Paramedical courses are specialized courses that relatively take sub-specialization at a domain. Paramedical professionals are equally in demand like doctors. Some of the popular paramedical courses are ECG technology, anesthesia, lab technician, and others. These courses require a minimum of four years of full-time study and practice.

Considering the overall medical scenario in India, medical professionals like doctors, paramedics, and nursing staff are in huge demand, especially in this pandemic.

How to apply in the above Science courses (both for 1 & 2):-

Top Entrance Examinations for 10+2 Students (PCM & PCB Stream):

A) Engineering Entrance Exams: Mostly, all states conduct their independent engineering entrance exams. A candidate has to pass one of those entrance exams to get a seat at a college in that state.

B) JEE Main: It gives one entry into the country’s top engineering colleges; 25 IIITs, 31 NITs and 28 CFTIs. Once they crack JEE MAIN, he/she are eligible to apply to any of these colleges spread across India depending upon their performance at the entrance exam.

C) JEE Advanced: Formerly, IIT JEE, this entrance exam is exclusively for one’s entry into the country’s top 23 IITs through a single entrance exam. One will be allotted an IIT campus depending upon the performance at the entrance exam.

D) NEET UG: It’s essential to qualify NEET with good marks to get admission into an excellent medical college spread across India. One must be a 10+2 (PCB) passed candidate with 50% marks and below 25 years of age to apply for NEET 2020.

3) For Commerce Students -

A) B.Com: This is one of the most favourite graduation courses for commerce candidates who have completed their 10+2. Bachelor of Commerce is a three-year course with plenty of subjects like Financial Accountancy, Economics, Business Organisation, Business Statistics and others. The course material may vary across universities. 
One has the freedom to choose either BCom (Program) or BCom (Hons) depending upon their 10+2 marks. Both courses are similar, but BCom (Hons) has a higher value given that the subjects are more complex. 

B) CA – Accountancy is a tough course, and many students are willing to work hard to become certified Chartered Accountants or Cost Accountants. After 10+2, one can study a Fundamental Course of either Chartered Accountancy (Approved by ICAI, New Delhi) or Cost Accounting (Approved by ICWAI, Kolkata).

Once you pass the fundamental course, then you become eligible to take admission into their intermediate courses as per your interest.

C) CS: Company Secretary is a course for students who are interested in pursuing in studying the taxations from a financial and investment viewpoint. Students will gain knowledge about company affairs and all its relevant legal aspects. One is expected to clear the Company Secretary ship Course approved by ICSI, New Delhi.

One should opt for this course only if they are interested in accounts and have the knack to help companies plan their finances, taxes and more.

4) For Arts Students -

Usually, students go for BA and BA (Hons). Over the last few years, they have several other undergraduate courses as well that they can consider for their higher studies. BFA, BSW, BJMC, and BLib are some of these.

A) BA or BA (Hons): Bachelor of Arts is still the most favorite subject for candidates who passed their 10+2 exams with Arts stream. Candidates can get admission to BA in their favorite subjects either through direct admission or through marks obtained at the entrance exams conducted by colleges.

One can choose from subjects ranging from Mathematics to English, Political Science, History. Geography, Philosophy, etc. 

B) BJMC: Bachelor’s in journalism and Mass Communication is an undergraduate course in journalism, and is perfect for candidates aspiring to join the media industry in the future. Bachelor of Journalism and Mass Communication (BJMC) is a three-year degree course.

Some of the Government-run journalism colleges across India are; IIMC (New Delhi), Delhi College (New Delhi), FTII (Pune), BHU (Varanasi), Jamia Milia University (Aligarh) and others. Several other private colleges impart degree courses in Journalism as well throughout India.

If you are creative and believe in the power of writing and journalism, then this is the right option for you.

C) Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA): Creative candidates who enjoy painting and drawing can opt for this course. It is highly effective for students who want to make a career into visual arts. It can be a steppingstone for careers in interior designing of homes, cars, hotels, government buildings and more.

For some reputed Arts Colleges, one still needs to pass their respective entrance exam with the minimum cut-off marks.
5) Law: Students can also take admission into BA/ BCom (LLB) after passing +2. It’s a 5-year integrated course.

One needs to pass the CLAT entrance exam to get admission in India’s 23 national law Universities.

6) BBA:
Candidates who are more interested in management can opt for Bachelor of Business Administration. The course is considered the right step in the direction of students looking to join a master’s in management program. BBM offers a good career option for students as they get to know a lot about the dynamics of management and other issues related to business administration.

Some institutes conduct entrance exams, while for others Class 12th marks are sufficient.

7) Animation and Graphic Designing: With the advancement in graphics and web designing, the demand for IT professionals is also rising day by day. One can readily opt for a diploma or degree course in graphic designing and Animation from any government-approved institute or college.

Admission to these courses is usually via entrance exam marks.

8) Travel and Tourism: BA in travel and tourism is another three-year degree course for students who love travelling and have relentless interest in knowing the past and meeting new people.

Admission to these courses is usually via entrance exam marks.

9) Hotel and Food management: With the increasing number of hotels and guest houses and lodges and so on, the need for their staff be it at manger level or at service level, is increasing at sky-high limits. From chefs to waiters, hotel manager to receptionist, catering to room service and so on, one can opt for this course, whether diploma or Hons (3/4 years) based on their knack.

Admission to these courses is usually via entrance exam marks.

10) Army/Music/Dance/Air host or hostess/Pilot/Writing/Photography/Ethical Hacking/Foreign Language/Modeling/Travel guide/Civil Service -

Students opting for any of the above or many more such can refer to the individual state college websites for admission and career opportunity options and planning.
Admission to these courses is usually via entrance exam marks.

There are uncountable choices in degree courses that students who have cleared their Class 12 examination can opt for. But they must choose the one in which they are personally inclined towards. After all, it’s the subject with which they will have to live for a lifetime. Additionally, all your future career options or post-graduation subject schemes will also directly or indirectly depend upon your graduation. So, it’s better to take a judicious decision on this matter after considering all pros and cons of the available options.

-Arthita Ray

An undergrad student of Amity University Kolkata. An avid orator, anchor, creative writer, singer, debater and a movie and sports buff. Based in Kolkata. Have work experience with The Telegraph, Friends FM and GreyMatters Communcations.  


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