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Why you should donate blood !

Blood donation is a major step in any body's life.
When though it's the most helpful thing to do but many people are hesitant about it. There are a lot of concerns and taboos circulating regarding it. Even though you should get your facts clear from an actual doctor and hospital. Here are a few things I can clear about from my experience of blood donation.

Blood donation is a very important medical help that an ordinary person can do without any certified degree. The donated blood is given to the patient in the process called blood transfusion. Where donated blood is injected in the receiver's body. Donation of blood can help people who are in need due to patients related to blood problems in medical conditions or blood loss due to accidents. With diseases like low Blood pressure, leukemia and dialysis, these kinds of medical conditions need immense amounts of blood transfusion.

Other than the blood itself the content of it like platelets and plasma are much in demand these days. These help in boosting the immunity of the body and recreation of antibodies to fight the disease. Many health issues have the problem of dropping the immunity level which stops the medication from working. In such situations platelets and plasmas are used. Other than that research in the medicine also requires Blood to test on. To create medicines and vaccines.

Some Blood groups are hard to find in case of emergency because they can be rare to find. So, the Bloods are collected in advance from camps which will help the hospital to provide Blood to the patient in a State of urgency.
Some of the most common questions people ask in matters of Blood donation. Other than fear of needles and the pain people hesitate to donate blood. So, let me clear out a few doubts.
Q. Does blood donation decrease the Blood level in the donor's body?
A. No. If that would have been the case then I don't think any doctors or WHO or Red cross would encourage people to date Blood. A healthy person can regenerate the blood amount given away within 48 hours or less.
Q. Does blood donation lead to iron deficiency?
A. Yes, it does. If you donate way too often. The gap between two Blood donations should be 3 months. So that means a person can Donate blood 4 times a year. So technically if you Donate blood 1-2 times a year then you aren't losing anything.
Q. Should girls Donate blood? They lose a lot of Blood during their menstruation cycles.
A. I wouldn't say they should but they 1-2 a year won't affect their bodies and their reproductive system but yes of course no women with menstruation complications would qualify in first place to donate blood.So if you are a then go ahead but do get yourself checked by a gynecologist first.
Q. Is it safe to Donate blood? What if I get HIV?
A. I…. Well you see. Not everyone can organize a Blood donation camp unless you're an organization from a government certified hospital or an government certified organization. And in no way a HIV + person would be allowed to donate Blood let alone using the same syringe used on them. Plus. The nurse would actually hand you the kit used for the producer to check the seal of the package. So, no you won't get HIV and yes, it's safe.

And there are some people like

Q. Why do I even want to Donate blood in the first place?
A. I don't know. Maybe because it will SAVE LIVES. DO YOU NEED ANYMORE REASON TO? plus it feels good too.

According to the World Red Cross “one donation can save as many as three lives"
These are the kind of donation are made in a blood donation camps
1. Blood donation
2. Platelet donation (plateletpheresis)
3. Plasma donation (plasmapheresis)
4. Double red cell donation


Benefits of blood donation
There are many benefits of blood donation other     than saving the lives of people in need. Some are like: -
1. It reduces stress level in the body and also helps recreating fresh blood and blood circulation as well.
2. It improves once emotional well-being and makes the person who donated feel good for helping someone in need.
3. It helps in the benefit of physical health.
4. It provides a sense of belonging in the society as donation camps are usually organised in the communities and organization.
5. Plus, you are also getting a free checkup. Before blood donation the vitals are checked like,
pulse, blood pressure, body temperature, hemoglobin levels

Side effects
There are also likely side effects which are no major concern but a person should be aware of before donation.
1. A person might feel lightheaded, dizzy, or nauseous after drinking, eating, and resting.
2. The person will develop a raised bump or continue bleeding at the needle site.
3. The person has arm pain, numbness, or tingling. Which are quite common after Normal injection as well?
4. In women, they might face a month delay in their menstruation's cycle which is nothing to be worried about. It isn't damaging the reproductive system.


Requirements
There are no complicated medical tests or rules for blood donation but these are the few things that are required to be checked.
1. The donor needs to be 18 or older to donate blood.
2. The donor needs to weigh at least 45kgs
3. The donor needs to be Healthy.
4. The donors need to inform about their medical conditions and history and any medication they are taking.
5. Donors with tattoos should be done at least 6 months before donation.

The procedure
Have a light food before the Blood donation
1. The professional will keep your vitals like blood pressure, hemoglobin, Weight etc
2. They will test your blood sample for disease. If clear will proceed.
3. They will make you lay down and hand you the kit for the blood donation process to check the seal. Once checked they will set up.
4. They will inject the syringe and eject the Blood. It takes around half an hour approx
5. They will bandage the area and give you some vitamin tablets ( not necessarily).
That is all you need to know before you go for your first blood donation. All the best.

Karke Dekho. acha lagta hai
-India's blood donation campaign slogan


-Durgesh Nandini Naik
Amity University
Kolkata

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