Like the famous author, Yuval Noah Harari said: “Sugar is a greater danger than gun powder, you are more likely to die from drinking too much cola than being blown up by al-Qaeda.” It's very true as one main cause of death in the last few decades has been obesity and obesity-related diseases have killed more than a billion people, every year At least 2.8 million adults die each year as a result of being overweight or obese. 44% of the diabetes burden, 23% of the ischaemic heart disease burden, and between 7% and 41% of certain cancer burdens are attributable to overweight and obesity.
The Worldwide obesity has nearly tripled since 1975. In a report by WHO in 2016, it showed that almost 2 billion adults around the world were obese and around 340 million children and adolescents were obese. In India, too obesity has reached an epidemic proportion affecting more than 5% of its entire population even though India has one of the highest underweight populations in the word it’s also in the top 5 in terms of obesity this shows there is something wrong with the way we eat. Obesity is a serious problem and if not checked can become a serious danger to humanity but the good news is obesity is preventable.
The fundamental cause of overweight and obesity is the energy imbalance between calories consumed and calories expended that is if we eat more calories than we burn of we are store that energy and calorie as fats which will lead to weight gain fat deposition and obesity and globally, there has been an increased intake of energy-dense foods that are high in fat and sugars and a decrease in physical activity due to the increasingly sedentary nature of many forms of work, changing modes of transportation, and increasing urbanization.
Now the big question is how do we prevent this from happening the answer to it is simple “ increase your physical activity and eat fewer calories then you are burning if you are already overweight, and if you are healthy and in shape eat as many calories as you need not more”, but implementing and understanding how much calories you are consuming can get a little tricky and difficult nowadays as the food market is flooded with junk foods which are very calorie-dense, high in sugars and fats moreover there is an influx of misleading information about certain food which are labelled a healthy but in reality, they are just packed with calories which will make you fat.
- Hanif Mohammad