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The Deadliest Cyclone Amphan

Amphan is a super tropical cyclone that originated from the Bay of Bengal in May 2020. It is considered the first super cyclonic storm in the Bay of Bengal since the 1999 Odisha cyclone. It is a part of the North Indian Ocean Cyclone Season. The Indian states of West Bengal and Odisha, and the country of Bangladesh are speculated to be hit by Amphan as a ‘very severe cyclonic storm. This storm is of massive proportions that have thumped the coastal borders regions of India and Bangladesh, slinging heavy rains and gusts exceeding 100 mph when it made a huge landfall. Thailand provided the name of the cyclone – Amphan, which is also pronounced as ‘UM-PUN’.

After days of churning in the Bay of Bengal, Cyclone Amphan came ashore Wednesday afternoon local time on the north eastern coast of India with the strength of a Category 2 hurricane. The Amphan cyclone storm has diminished in excessive strength since its peak up on Monday, when its monster scale briefly earned the India Meteorological Department's (IMD) highest storm classification — an ominous distinction not seen in the region for more than two decades. But even in its weakened state, Amphan packed a wallop that has knocked out power and wrecked unstable structures along the coast.
Amphan formed over the Bay of Bengal as a tropical cyclone and later intensified into a ‘Very Severe Cyclonic Storm’ (VSCS) to ‘Extreme Severe Cyclonic Storm (ESCS)’. It is said to make landfall between Digha a beach in West Bengal and Hathaway islands in Bangladesh on May 2020.
The regions of East Midnapore, North and South 24 parganas, Howrah, Hooghly, and West Midnapore are speculated to be affected by the heavy rainfall. Northern Odisha Coasts is said to face the maximum impacts after Amphan makes landfall with the wind speed of 120-140 mph. The range of wind speed of Amphan almost reaches up to 240-285 mph before it weakens in intensity. Doppler Weather Radar (DWR) at Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh) is used to track the cyclone Amphan. After the Paulin cyclone that had hit the Bengal-Odisha coast in 2013, Amphan is said to be the strongest tropical cyclone to hit the coast.
The trajectory of Amphan is mainly towards West Bengal and Bangladesh and it is speculated to make landfall as a severe storm at West Bengal – Sager Island and Bangladesh – Haitian Island. Amphan is the equivalent of a Category 5 hurricane on the Safer-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale. By the time it makes landfall in West Bengal, Amphan is expected to tone down into a category 4 Extremely Severe Cyclonic (ESC) storm with a wind speed of 165-175 km/ph, and gusting to 195 km/ph. National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) is a specialized authority constituted under the Disaster Management Act 2005. National Crisis Monitoring Committee which was constituted by the Government of India, to meet the exigencies of natural calamities.
1.    Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS)
2.    Indian Meteorological Committee (IMD)

-By Pallabi Ghosh


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